Glossary

Blogs are websites where entries are updated regularly, with the newer content appearing at the top. These entries contain a combination of text, images, videos, music, podcasts and/or links to outside sources. Blogs can provide news, commentary or descriptions of events in an interactive setting that often encourages user comments.

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Blog Roll is a compilation of links to other websites related to a blog’s topic, located on the side of a blog.

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Blogger is someone who provides and updates content on a blog.

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Blogosphere refers to all blogs on the Internet as well as the conversations that are happening inside that space.

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Bookmarking is storing the address of a website or other media in your browser. In a social bookmarking site such as Delicious, users can save, search, organize, and manage their bookmarks. When users add tags, others can easily find and use their research.

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Bulletin boards were the electronic version of public notice boards. They allowed users to interact within a central computer to post and read messages. The term can still be used for forums.

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Chat is a communication online in a specific location happening in real time, unlike conversations that happen asynchronously in a forum.

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Collaboration occurs online when people in social media networks can communicate in a trusted environment.

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Communities (online) are groups of people communicating for social, professional, educational, regional and other purposes. Communities exchange and discuss information through various web tools.

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Conversation through social platforms is the driving force behind social media.

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Crowdsourcing refers to when an individual or organization empowers a group of volunteers to contribute content.

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Feeds allow you to aggregate information from blogs and other RSS-enabled websites, without having to visit the host site. A newsreader or aggregator collects and delivers the information to you in one central location.

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Forums are where conversations happen online separate of time - messages are not synchronized as they are in chat rooms. Within a forum people can post new discussion topics or reply to existing messages. Forums often have a moderator to monitor and encourage conversation.

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Groups are made up of individuals connected through a common activity, interest, cause or belief. Individuals must join the group to become a member and participant. There is often a group leader or administrator that monitors activity and relays relevant content to the group.

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Instant messaging (IM) is a chat between two or more people.

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Links are text or images that direct you from one web location to another.

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Lurkers are mostly passive members of communities who do not contribute content or comments. Most members of a community are lurkers: about one percent of members contribute new content, nine percent comment, and the other ninety percent lurk. These lurkers, however, may become active if they take content from the community and spread it elsewhere.

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Mashup refers to the splicing and remixing of pre-existing content to create new content, often with a new message or direction.

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Networks are maps defined by nodes and the various ties among them. Social networks are social maps of the relationships among people (nodes). Networking is the process of creating and strengthening relationships.

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Peer to peer refers to the direct communication between two people in a network, and implies the potential to continue to reach others through each peer’s network ties.

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A podcast is a syndicated audio or video digital media file that can be downloaded automatically through a subscription.

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Profiles consist of the basic information you provide a social network in order to sign up, and most often include your name, location and picture. More in depth profiles define yourself to other members of the network and include personal interests, professional experience, likes and dislikes, and tags to help people search common interests.

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RSS, short for Really Simple Syndication, is a web feed that automatically syndicates the content you subscribe to and delivers it through an aggregate feed.

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Sharing is offering and encouraging other people to use and spread your content. Some content, such as embeddable media players and widgets, is more apt for sharing.

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Social media are the web tools and platforms people use to distribute, discuss and share information online.

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Social networking sites are online destinations such as Facebook where people connect and communicate with others through a variety of web tools. Social networks are social maps of the relationships among people (nodes).

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Tags are keywords or phrases that catalogue content online such as photos and bookmarks so the items can found again through browsing or searching.

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Threads are related pieces of conversation within social media platforms. A forum thread refers to messages that use the same subject. Blog threads are harder to define and are determined by the combination of comments and trackbacks.

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A trackback is a method primarily for bloggers to keep track of who links to their articles as well as facilitate conversations between blogs. When a blogger refers to another blog, the commenting blogger can use a trackback to notify the other blogger, who then can display a link to the commenting entry below the original post.

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Transparency Enhancing searching, sharing, self-publish and commenting across networks makes it easier to find out what's going on in any situation where there is online activity.

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User-generated content (UGC) is content created and shared by an active member of a community. UGC sites such as YouTube encourage amateurs to publish their own content as well as comment on other people’s.

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Virtual worlds like Second Life are simulated online environments where you can create an avatar, or representation of yourself, socialize with other avatars, and negotiate business deals and trades.

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Vlog is a video blog.

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Web 2.0, a term coined by O’Reilly, refers to the Internet as a platform that facilitates collaboration and sharing. The move from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 can be seen as a shift from a one-way flow of information to an interactive consumption of content.

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A wiki is a page or set of web pages that enables people to contribute or modify content to create a collaborative result. Wikipedia, a collaborative encyclopedia, is one of the best known wikis.

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